Ancient Japanese Healing Technique for Rapid Stress Relief – Finger Holds


Learn to use this practical, hands-on method for a happier and healthier life. Please click the link below to read about the Jin Shin Jyutsu Practice called the Finger Holds by clicking the link below.  I have an earlier post on March 11, 2015, with a YouTube video showing how to practice the Finger Holds. Remember to breathe while practicing. Practice often, every day for benefits to build, emotions balanced and more. Please share this easy Practice for well-being with others.  Here’s to your good health! Namaskaram OM

Source: Ancient Japanese Healing Technique for Rapid Stress Relief

154 responses »

  1. In class when I did the finger holds I initially did not feel any vibrations and pulses on my fingers. I usually do not look into these types of stuff for a healthier mind and balance in my life so I was a bit skeptical but I’ve tried it a few times now and it helps with my anxiety and stress at the moment if I feel like I am about to have an anxiety attack. I do not know if it was the mental thought of knowing if I did hold my thumb that I would feel better or if it genuinely works because of the body’s energy forces. I do not know if it is common but when I have trouble sleeping slightly applying pressure to the center of my palm calms me and I’ve always done so when I have a migraine because my brother suggested it helped and I know it does because after a few minutes it feels slightly better than how it was, it still hurts but the pain eases.

    What I learned in the video was to rub under the collarbone when I get stressed and I know in the future I will try it out and see if it work for me. I often get stressed from my procrastination in work that has deadlines but worse on responsibilities that do not have deadlines in life like getting a job and getting my permit. And from being stressed it sometime psychs me out to not have it done and worry about it later. But now with this healing technique with the fingers I hope the more I believe it in the more it will start to work. According to the article by Uplift, this healing system focuses on “using acupressure points…[but a much more] easier, shorter[and effective]”. It also mentions for the energy to be balanced for any person to be well and closer to relaxation and peace. And with this and doing the Isha Kriya and focusing on the positives in my inner-self, I believe that by the end of this semester I will still continue using these techniques if, in reality, it does help me breathe more calmly, see more positively, and feel more relaxed. And from the video, what I got from it is that this ancient healing technique is based on body instincts that we don’t even notice we do but it is our body helping our minds out.

    I will continue to do this healing technique and I will show my mom and hope that she will fall into actually doing this and hopefully finding to be more peaceful and relaxed. I want to show my mom this because she is a nurse at a pediatric clinic and she is there with many patients coming in and she’s always running around trying to get the patients’ needs but also doing the paperwork. She stays overtime a lot and sometimes she comes home from work stressed for still needing to finish work from home and I think if she did the healing system that it would help her feel relaxed and have a distraction to do when she feels like she has too much work and not enough time.

  2. I was amazed to find out that the body seems to almost instinctual know what to do and where on the body to massage to relieve stress in some way. Although I never really noticed it before, looking back at the times when I was feeling a lot of stress, anxiety, or nervousness, my body would not only tense up, but my hands would also rub together or curl into fists to put pressure onto themselves. It seemed like the body’s natural reaction to relax itself, even if I did not know it at the time.

    It would then also make sense that there is an actual practice about massaging parts of your body to relieve overall stress. When I first practiced it in class, I did feel the pulse in my fingers, but I am unsure if I felt anything “different” about my mood, so that may be while I hesitate to put this practice as part of my meditation routine even though I do grip my hands every now and again throughout the day. My mood has changed in a positive way lately, but I feel like that has to do my a new medication I am taking. In a way, I can understand how the hands and feet can relate the “flow of energy” in the body, but I cannot wrap my head around how gripping your fingers have anything to do with your organs.

  3. I always massage my hands before drawing or typing because they often ache if I don’t. My art teacher in high school taught my class about this technique my senior year because we were so stressed about applications and graduation. I often do the practice when I’m feeling emotional or stressed, but I didn’t know this practice helps the body’s organs also! The video was super helpful and I think he explained and demonstrated the technique well. The article helped explained the practice more in depth and presented medical research for the technique. I will definitely do this more often for benefits and share this knowledge and video to my friends so they can relax and destress.

    -Melenie Warner

  4. Reading this article made me realize my own hand movements, I tend to squeeze my fingers or massage them when im feeling nervous or tense. If im in an awkward or uncomfortable position I begin to grab my fingers. I guess it’s a way for my body to relive stress and this article just proved this correct. It very interesting how people when stressed their body naturally tries to heal its self by doing these simple movements. I will make sure to correctly make use of this practice during presentations, exams or any nerve racking activity I have to complete. This practice just enforces the idea that our is strongly connected to our minds, we always are using our hands so I only makes sense all of our stress is there. I actually mentioned this to my friend who gets very nervous during presentations, I showed her this article and video and she seemed to really want to try this method out. I found myself doing this while I was taking my genomics exam and I felt a sense of relief and concentration.

  5. I really liked the finger holding method because I already have a habit of ringing my hands when I get nervous, and I’m nervous a lot, so throughout the week at times when I was doing this sometimes I would remember the finger thing we learned in class and do that and I think it’s helpful because I sort of have an idea of what I’m trying to accomplish instead of just idly ringing my hands. Also my hands tend to be cold a lot, and this is a good way to warm them up, which might not be the intended purpose of this, but it’s useful for me. I sometimes forget which finger symbolizes what so I kept having to go back to check, so I printed a copy of the hand thing so that I could check that sometimes.

    • What a good idea to print out the image to understand the Finger Holds, you could also make a pix on your phone. When you warm your hands during the Finger Holds it means you are moving the energy and vibrations its all connected.

  6. I have previously heard about a part of the finger holding techniques – specifically the thumb. Years ago I would get really bad headaches due to stress and worry, and learned about the thumb part of this finger holding from a physical education teacher. I found that continuous use of this technique helped me to prevent my stress headaches from turning into migraines. I continued using this technique from then on, and always tell my friends about it when they have headaches and do not have access to headache medications. I have not used this technique as much for situations that are just stressful, but I think I will in the future.
    I am also very interested in trying the pinky finger technique for anxiety when I do not have the opportunity to sit down and do my Isha Kriya (IK). I have found the IK to be increasingly helpful with this, but sometimes I am in class when I start to feel anxious or I am in a place where IK is not possible at the time. I will try this technique the next time I am in one of these situations and hopefully find benefit from it.
    I have found lots of body to emotion connects through this class and am very grateful for it. I cannot wait to see what else I am missing!

  7. When I first learned about the finger holds technique, I was curious. How could such complicated emotions such as fear, anger, sadness, worry, and self esteem be solved while only using your hands? However, as I began to think, I realized that our hands are a large part of calming nerves and overwhelming emotions. When people are nervous, they automatically fiddle with their hands. When they are anxious, people look at their hands. When people need comfort, they hold hands. This response indicates that our hands play a large part in dealing with emotions and stress. If we learn how to utilize our hands, we can become much calmer. The first time we practiced in class, I felt enlightened and I felt like I gained a lot from the experience. Yoga is on Wednesday, after all my art classes. I often feel stressed thinking about all the painting I have to do later in the day. That day, I was anxious thinking about the large painting I had yet to complete. During the finger hold exercise, I focused on my thumb and pinky and I really felt a difference. I felt more relaxed, confident that I would be able to manage my time and get my paintings done. I also felt like I would do a good job. I think focusing for a moment and feeling my pulse allowed me to calm down. Once I calmed my emotions, I realized that I could stop worrying and start doing. I was making my worries much larger than they actually were.

    Ever since we practiced the finger hold exercise, it has become part of my day. It is easy because it only takes a few minutes and does not require equipment. I take a moment every now and then when I am painting to practice. This allows me to focus more, and the feeling of relaxation and confidence I experience definitely affects my art for the better. Since I have benefitted from the practice, I decided to teach my sister. She is in high school and college is approaching. Naturally, life can be stressful. So, I showed her the finger hold exercise so she could calm her stress when needed. She says it has been effective and she finds it amazing how such a small and quick practice can make such a huge difference. As yoga continues to become more of habit than an assignment for me, I will be sure to keep this practice in my routine.

  8. I am honestly happy I learned the finger holding exercise because throughout the day I catch myself holding at least the middle finger (for anger) day by day… I told you I get stressed out fast so being able to learn another technique of calming down the body was really helpful. I started to slowly realize that certain body parts are connected to each other in some way because this finger holding really calms down the mind and body. However, me personally I like the IK exercise because the IK gets my mind calm and steady, but I will continue to do the finger holding as much as I can. Thank you!

  9. This is an technique I had learned a few years back from a friend. Back then I was skeptical and did not do the practice well or with proper intention. When we did it in class I recognized it immediately even if I did not remember the specifics. I noticed my thoughts calmed down after the first few minutes. Since it was introduced I’ve gotten in the habit of doing this any time my my mind can’t focus. It is a wonderful thing to have learned , it’s easy to do and can be done just about anywhere without drawing attention to myself. I’m not sure if I’m doing the hold for a full two minutes but I keep the hold until I feel my pulse, like the site instructed. As someone prone to racing thoughts due to anxiety , to me this exercise provides a very accessible way of grounding and centering myself whenever necessary. Not only that , I also noticed it is a quick way to check in with myself both physically and emotionally in times during my day or week where I don’t really have time to otherwise.

  10. When we did this in class as a guided exercise, I couldn’t focus on the meaning of the finger holding technique. My experience of the meditation was similar to the third part of the IK. However, I have now found that when in stressful situations – especially when I am trying to bite my tongue – I hold on to my pointer finger. I am not sure if I did this before, but the meaning of it is not lost on me now.

    Since I had the very powerful experience of connection with my mother during the chakra exercise – when you instructed us to place our left hands on our bellies – I wonder if I could tap into that energy by holding my palm (as it is connected to the umbilicus). I could do this when I miss her and can’t get in touch with her. Even now, the thought of it makes me tear up.

    • Yes do use your Finger Holds regularly, if you do it twice a day for one month you will find yourself less likely to be emotional. You may like to make a list of practical ideas and things to do to move forward instead of worrying. Choose actions that may help to bring resolution or choose to do IK or Finger Holds when there is no practical remedy for a situation. Namaste

  11. the Finger hold were interesting. I had never thought about my hand as a way of connecting to the rest of my body. especially after reviewing the image and seeing what each one represents. it is interesting to note that the five figures start with a depth. Further illustrating that they are connected to our core, and in fact tied to our organs.
    When doing the excesses in class, I hadn’t really noticed anything. However upon further reflection, out side of class. I began to notice that there was in-fact something happening. mentally, the activity is calming, and I will defiantly be teaching my brother the next time I see him.

  12. I have never heard of the Ancient Japanese Healing Technique for Rapid Stress Relief until I did it in class. I have caught myself before holding onto a finger or fiddling with my finger while being stressed. I found in the video that it is very interesting that it helps to push under your collarbone. I myself have also found that I sometimes do this when I ma stressed. Its funny because I have never known that this was actually a thing to do and it was just kind of instinct to do these things for comfort.
    Reading more about it, It is so extremely intersecting that out fingers are in some way attached to each of our organs. While on my thumb in class, you stated that we could begin to feel the vibrations and our pulse. I was on the same wave length as you because right as you said that I was thinking bout how I could feel this sensation.
    I will be continuing to do these steps of all fingers. I wish in class we had the time to go back to one of our fingers as you suggested. I have been feeling a lot of grief so I went back home and did the whole practice over again to land back onto my ring finger. I have found that afterwards I felt way more peace in my body and less stressed. All of these practices that I have learned from this class is so important in my life and I will continue to practice them in my future such as the yamas, IK, finger holds, better eating habbits, chanting, and so fourth.
    Here is a link that shows the acupuncture sense of pressure. I have learned a lot more on what each point you can press for relief. I am posting this to show others so they can learn as well.

  13. This post informs readers that ancient healing systems share beliefs in the body’s energy as being able to help cure illnesses. If we look to our hands, each finger and the palm present different forces that may conflict within the body and bring stress. If we balance these often times opposing forces we can relieve ourselves of stress quickly (around 5 minutes.) We begin with holding each finger with little to no pressure, just until we can feel the finger pulse. We move onto the next digit. The thumb helps to fend off worry and anxiety, the index helps fight fears, the middle finger helps fend off feelings of rage or bitterness, the ring finger helps with melancholy moods and/or depression, and the pinky is a stress reliever and optimism booster. The video following this article includes a few other body points of stress relief, such as massaging just beneath the collar bone during a difficult conversation, applying pressure to the space between the thumb and index finger, the indentation of the wrist, the inside, fingertip, and knuckle of the index finger, the pinky tip, and the thumbnail (pinching on both the sides and top and bottom of the nail.)

    I love this! When I am stressed, I tend to close my eyes and take deep breaths, or take a walk. These aren’t always the easiest things to do at any given point in the day, so these contact-methods work on the go. The finger-holding technique can happen in the midst of a conversation, on the commute, or even during class. I will certainly add these to my mindfulness regime as it is really so simple. I tried this method while waiting for my bus last night and felt it made good use of my time as I was less concerned with the clock and more concerned with balancing how I felt in a moment of down time. I have already shared this practice with my roommate. She is in the middle of directing and starring in a short film she wrote. She has expressed to me how she feels like she is juggling so much on set that it is hard to see her hard work paying off. In order for her to manage all of the emotions that come with running the production, I showed her his method, and she found that in conversations with the cast, looking at footage, and beginning to edit, she was able to do the finger holds. This in the moment way of treating stress was just as beneficial to her as I’m sure it will be to me as I work through my projects and tasks!

    I found another resource for quickly dealing with stress at The method I was most interested in was sensory coping. The article instructs us to understand what brings us comfort when we are stressed. What do we long for when we are in a stressful situation? Is it our beds, a pet, a cup of coffee? If we compile a list of sensory-based means of personal comfort (tastes, touches, sounds, sights, smells), from the softness of a bed to the bitterness and warmth of coffee, we can better understand how to take care of ourselves. We are bound to be able to access at least one sense to bring comfort anywhere.

  14. There are many ancient belief systems used all over the world believed that the energy in your body is the solution to curing illnesses. Nurses learning acupressure resulted in being more proficient in their workplace. Each finger represents 5 different emotions or feelings in your hand. By practicing this Japanese technique you’ll feel more at balanced and can handle stress easily.
    It was interesting to see that acupressure originated from an ancient Japanese technique, which I heard is really good for reliving negative emotions. I liked reading about the acupressure nurses learned, which reduced all they’re negative systems. I work in a healthcare facility, so I will definitely show this information with the nurses at my job. When I first tried this technique I got surprised by the pulse I felt on my finger. Like who knew our fingers have pulses. It was fascinating that in different fingers there are different pulses. For example, in my thumb my pulse was the fastest and it makes sense because my classes have me stressed.

  15. This article discusses the ancient Japanese healing technique of Jin Shin Jyutsu. It involves specific acupressure techniques that can help balance the life energy force if practiced regularly. A scientific study was carried out on nurses, where they practiced this stress-relieving technique daily for one month. Their stress levels were measured before and after this month, and it was found that the nurses in the study had a more positive outlook, were calmer, able to communicate better, were less angry, resentful, were sleeping better, and were able to provide improved care to their patients. This practice focuses on each finger and the emotion or feeling that finger represents. For example, the thumb represents worry and anxiety, the index finger helps with your fears, the middle helps control anger, the ring helps with melancholy, and the pinky helps with stress and optimism. Each finger should be held for two to three minutes, until you feel the pulse. This is how you know it is working. Finally, applying slight pressure to each palm will also help aid in reducing stress.
    This practice is such an easy way to reduce stress that can be done anywhere. It’s great to due its discretion, being that you can discreetly carry out this practice without anyone knowing. It also doesn’t require much expertise on the subject, which makes it a great practice for beginners as well as advanced yoga practitioners. I think that quick stress relieving practices such as this one are important to know. We may not always have the time to de-stress how would best fit us, but we all have the time to do this. It’s also the perfect practice to share with those that may not know anything about yoga.

  16. This lesson deals with ancient Japanese hand massaging techniques to reduce stress levels in our daily lives. The teachers devised a way to use acupressure points to affect different emotions like worry, fear, anger, self esteem and sadness. By gently massaging each corresponding location on the hand and fingers, one can lower stress levels associated with each emotion.

    The video demonstrated an interesting point that described natural reactions to stress. In a stressful situation, people tend to put their hands on their chest or rub their hands. According to the video, the body is trying to tell you something and you just have to interpret it a bit further.

    I tried these techniques with a healthy amount of skepticism, but found that I felt a little less stressed out afterwards. It also helped me play guitar a bit better, and that always helps my stress levels.

    • Yes this will be a great asset for your hands and guitar playing as well emotions, 12 organ flows and more. Remember the fingers are simply held not massaged. Namaste

  17. Kache’ Mumford
    Wed. 8:30-11:50
    Reflection paper
    This reading section focused on ancient Japanese forms of stress relief to help create a happy healthy body physically and mentally. The power of the hand technique is able to reduce stress levels in just 2-5 minutes. Research has found that this technique of holding the hand and squeezing one finger at a time while breathing slowly has created calmness and decreased anger. All it all it helps with stress, headaches, sleeplessness and depression.

    The idea is that each finger connects to a certain emotion. Worry, fear, anger, sadness and self esteem. By holding each finger you are creating a balance energy and opposing negative energy and thoughts while also calming your breathing. I remember we did this in class before we took our mid-term for this class. It was cold that day. Because of the cold I have to admit it was hard to give this process my entire focus. I do know that I have friends who do this every time that get too stressed out. It was recommended to them by people in the counseling center. One of my friends tried a bunch of other techniques before doing this and this process was the only one that works for her in reducing her stress.

    After reading and watching the article and video for this section I decide to look up the importance of reducing stress. I found an article on that brought up some interesting arguments. The article stated that “Reducing stress in your everyday life is vital for maintaining your overall health, as it can improve mood, boost immune functions, promote longevity and allow you to be more productive”. The article also explained that stress can affect chemicals in your brain like dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine. When these chemical rise it can create a fight or flight response. Stress can also cause high blood pressure, rapid heart rate and a weaken immune system .

  18. We learned in class the ancient Japanese healing technique, that involves several different finger holds which are meant to release stress quickly. You are supposed to hold and apply light pressure to your fingers, and each finger improves the health of different parts of your mood. This technique has been scientifically experimented with and proven to have real effects.
    Each finger represents balancing different parts of the energy and emotions you are feeling, and applying little to no pressure to each finger and feeling for a pulse can improve each of those parts. For example; the thumb is anxiety and worry, pinky is stress and optimism, the ring finger is melancholy, the middle finger helps control anger, and the index finger helps with fears.
    I have been trying this and I can definitely see its calming effects after doing it a couple times. I get anxiety while waiting for things so this is something useful to know and you can do it wherever you are, it isn’t even noticeable to people around you. I would recommend this technique to anyone that is experiencing an emotional tired or overwhelmed feeling, it has the potential of being beneficial to many people.

  19. Before I start drawing, my hands always feel tense, and I need to stretch my body in general, especially my hands, because they cramp up. My friends who also draw online have told and shown me some easy stretching techniques for my hands, and it’s been helping me destress, along with cute blogs that talk about stress, mental health, and other things in that nature all in one blog.
    However, recently, I only thought that fingers were just fingers and that it related nothing to the body.
    It’s interesting to see that different parts of the hands help with body organs, and the video was very well explained, and how he taught it was very easy to understand, in the articles, it presented the medical benefits, which was nice too.

    Mackenzie Depietro, Spring 2019, Wednesday Class

  20. One thing I learned is that this came from Japanese people and it’s a healing technique for rapid stress relief. One thing I did not know is that Hindu Asian Greek Native American Tibetan zen and Mediterranean have healing wisdom and share the belief in a life of energy and saying we need to balance and harmonize for well being. It helps to be calmness, motivation, communication effectiveness and time pressure and much more. I remember this when we went over this in class. The thumb means the 1st depth it helps with the fend off emotions like worry and anxiety The pointer finger is the 2nd depth means it can help to fight your fears. The middle finger is the 3rd it helps control your feelings of rage and bitterness. The ring finger is the 4th depth it helps with fighting melancholy and depression. Finally, the pinky is the 5th depth helps with stress and boosts your optimism and self-esteem. To do this you need to hold each finger for 2 minutes and wait until you feel a pulse.

  21. Its interesting that your body knows where to go when one is experiencing any type of emotion. When being stressed, your hands my clasp together rubbing one palm to another. Other times when one is stressed, angsty, or anxious one might their full hand on their foreheads like I do. Another example that is not related to hands but I recall has a lot to do with energy flowing through the body, is when I am experiencing confrontation, nervousness, or anxiety I always put on leg over the other and sit in this position for some time. To me, this is an interesting thing that happens with our bodies. And the hand daily exercise exhibits the idea of balancing the energies that roam our bodies and center our energy. The video demonstrates how to physically isolate stress and balance our minds and souls. I have actually been trying this for a couple days, and each time I spend a minute or on a figure I find myself more balanced ana able-minded.

  22. The ancient Japanese technique for stress relief is something quick we can do to heal ourselves that only takes 2-5 minutes. Stress is always surrounding us in our world, so this technique is about balancing our energy. Each finger holds an emotion or feeling. The thumb holds anxiety, index finger holds fear, the middle finger holds anger, the ring finger holds depression, and the pinky is self-esteem. So, you can do either one finger that holds a certain emotion you want to heal or perhaps all five of them. In the article it talks about the study of the nurses doing the technique. The nurses doing it felt calmer and more positive after one month of daily practice. They reported less muscle aches, sleeplessness, and headaches. It is to note that it was also really interesting how the nurses not only felt positive but were positive and caring towards others which goes to show how we can spread the positivity. I would like to try this practice more because I do think it works really well. In the video it was explained how when we become stressed our bodies react to fiddle our hands because our bodies can already tell where to go to relief stress. This is something I do, and I was shocked at how accurate it was to me. I would like to try this at least once a day.

  23. Finger holds are an easy way to relieve stress because you will always have most of your fingers around. The pulse means that the energy is flowing well in that area/
    Sometimes I do finger holds because i get nervous and having something to hold helps. It also really soothes me when I feel the pulses and know that my body is exuding its energy well.
    The website emphasized this as a group exercise for managing emotions. It said that for best results, to hold your fingers for 2 minutes until you can feel the pulse. The most important part is while doing so, acknowledge any troubling thoughts or feelings and decide to let them go and breathe through them.
    I have already added this to my routine. I have mentioned it to others and next time I do so I will do it in more depth. I plan on increasing the amount of time I spend doing my finger holds.

  24. This was a great article about the ancient Japanese healing technique. It explains how everyone can be stressed throughout the day but this is a little technique that help relieve that stress you are feeling. The method use acupressure points and only takes about 5 minutes. Each of our fingers represent a different emotion – our thumb represents worry and anxiety, our index finger represents your fears, our middle finger represents rage and bitterness, our ring finger represents melancholy and depression and our pinky helps relieve stress and boots optimism and self-esteem. The goal is hold each finger with the opposite hand for 1-2 minutes or until you feel the pulse. By practicing this technique every day, your spirit becomes balanced and enables you to to deal with stress more effectively.

    When I am in a stressful situation, the first thing I do is play with my hands or find an object to keep my hands busy. Like the video said, my hand also goes to chest and I will now do that massage to the pressure point under my collar bone. I found it be very soothing. I really enjoyed doing this technique and have passed it along to my mother an boyfriend. It’s something so small but can go a long way and be very helpful. I will continue to do it daily to see if I notice a difference.

    Thank you for sharing this!

    Monday 630pm

  25. When we were first introduced to the Finger Holds in class, I didn’t realize how much of an impact it would actually make on me. The Ancient Japanese Healing Technique is a fascinating technique that I have come to learn in these last couple of weeks. The fact that just holding and concentrating on controlling my thoughts by holding onto my fingers. I was personally amazed to realize how my body reacts almost instantly and relieves stress in some way. I can see my moods changing positively lately from practicing this technique, especially when I have a lot on my plate for the day, or when I am waiting for results. I tend to tense up and feel like I don’t have enough time on my hands, but with finger holding, I am able to calm myself down and feel a flow of energy throughout my body.

    Kathy Mathews
    Wednesday 8:30 am Yoga Class

  26. When first introduced to the fingerholds I was unfamiliar with the concept. I was familiar with the idea of energies being present in our bodies and that there were points of the body that can access this energy, but I had thought those were primarily the stomach and head, etc. I was not dubious, but did not feel the effects of any of the practice until I had tried it again at home after an IK practice.

    Using specific acupressure techniques similar to the more famous needle based acupuncture, the Japanese fingerholds center on specific entryways and blocks for energy, creating a more beneficial flow throughout the body. Each finger represents a different point and therefore a different power altogether is represented by an individual digit, sometimes more than one. During my practice, I had experienced an ease of movement in my hands as I stretched them afterwards, and I was able to draw on my tablet with a significant decrease in eventual fatigue.

    I practiced an undisturbed IK this week, four times outside of class. I was unable to go outside as I had during break, but was capable of achieving desired results nonetheless.

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